4 edition of Modeling & Simulation Vol. 18 found in the catalog.

Modeling & Simulation Vol. 18

Proceedings of the 18th Annual Pittsburgh Conference on Modeling & Simulation (University of Pittsburgh) (Modeling & Simulation)

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Published by Administrator in ISA International Society for Measurement and

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        StatementISA International Society for Measurement and
        PublishersISA International Society for Measurement and
        LC ClassificationsDecember 1987
        The Physical Object
        Paginationxvi, 67 p. :
        Number of Pages58
        ID Numbers
        ISBN 101556170742

        nodata File Size: 1MB.

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Modeling & Simulation Vol. 18 by ISA International Society for Measurement and Download PDF EPUB FB2

These persons may lack assertiveness, including the ability to say "no"; in addition, they may have thought patterns that make them more susceptible to substance abuse.

The target behavior is clearly demonstrated with very few unnecessary details; is presented from the least to the most difficult level of behavior; and several different models are used to perform the same behavior s. The technique has been used to eliminate unwanted behaviors, reduce excessive fears, facilitate learning of social behaviors, and many more. The client then observes the model enacting the desired behavior.

New York: The Guilford Press.


For example, the therapist might model good telephone manners for a client who wants a job in a field that requires frequent telephone contact with customers. Giving clients ample opportunity to practice new skills correctly and successfully. The therapist's length of experience and personal style also affect the length Modeling & Simulation Vol. 18 therapy. For example, a person may greatly admire his or her mother for the way she handled the challenges of coming to the United States from another country.

For example, a child may be asked to imagine one of his or her favorite cartoon characters interacting appropriately with other characters.

The assessment usually covers several areas of life, including developmental history the client's family background, education, employment, social relationships ; past traumatic experiences; medical and psychiatric history; and an outline of the client's goals.

Coping models are considered more appropriate for reducing fear because they look more like the client, who will probably make mistakes and have some setbacks when trying the Modeling & Simulation Vol.

18 behavior. Symbolic modeling includes filmed or videotaped models demonstrating the desired behavior. Role-playing Role-playing is a technique that allows the client opportunities to imitate the modeled behaviors, which strengthens what has been learned. Then, with the therapist's encouragement, the client might begin by touching or holding a stuffed dog, then watching a live dog from a distance, then perhaps walking a small dog on a leash, and eventually by degrees touching and petting a live dog.

Multisensory involvement enhances the client's learning. Feedback and social reinforcement of the client's performance in the practice phase is an important motivator for behavior change.


" In Theories of Psychotherapy and Counseling: Concepts and Cases. Other considerations include the nature of the client's problem; the client's willingness to do homework; the client's financial resources; and the presence and extent of the client's support network. Feedback may take the form of praise, approval, or encouragement; or it may be corrective, with concrete suggestions for improving the performance. Giving clients opportunities to practice their new skills in a variety of physical and interpersonal settings.